Underground Tunnel Monitoring

Successful Results

Location: Switzerland

The piezometers withstood all the rigors of the site’s excavation and provided consistent data until final destruction by the road header. The collected data are crucial for the understanding of the geomechanical forces acting during excavation operations in future projects.

Potential disruptions during the excavation were minimized and the road header was successfully constructed.

Background

A tunnel for an underground laboratory for the Swiss National Cooperative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste (Nagra), in Switzerland, required continuous monitoring during excavation until the roadheader finally mills through the individual VW transducers (see drawing above).

Scope/Objective

The engineering team (Polymetra) wanted to monitor the pore pressure in the ground as it related to the effects of the tunnel excavation. Thereby, a cost-effective minable solution was required with reliable data output, even under heavy tunnel excavation.

Challenges

The borehole was inclined and the rock permeability was very low; the proposed solution (installed VW Piezometers) needed to work in these conditions and withstand the rigors of the excavation.

Solution

A subcontractor drilled a 16 m deep, inclined borehole from a niche through the tunnel face and fully grouted Vibrating Wire Piezometers from RST were installed. After the grout cured and the pore pressure stabilized, a road header was mining through the tunnel.

The road header originated from an access tunnel to the point where it would mill through the individual piezometers. The piezometers withstood all the rigors of the site’s excavation until they were destroyed by the roadheader.

Understanding the geomechanical forces during excavation is crucial to improve decision making for future excavation in mining and tunnel projects.

Benefits

The continuous data transmitted from the piezometers gives a fully minable and cost-effective solution compared to standard multipacker systems. The DT2055B is powered by a single lithium ‘D’ cell, which provides years of power and unattended monitoring.

Partners Featured in this Success Story

Nagra, Polymetra

Speak with an Expert

I’m very happy with the quality of the instrumentation and technical support from RST, as always. They worked with us from the initial stages of the project to ensure that we were fully prepared and equipped to use the RSTAR network for the first time. They delivered everything within the tight project time frame to ensure that there were no delays on site, and the submersible tilt meters looked like new even after over twelve months of being submerged in Thames water!
 
-Richard Lipscombe, BEng (Hons), Director & Principle Consultant - RL Geotechnical Ltd